4D - European Neighborhood Policy(ENP Launched in 2004...

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European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) Launched in 2004, encouraging a relationship that the EU describes as ‘privileged’, w/ the goal of promoting democracy, human rights, the rule of law, good governance, and market economics 16 countries are targeted: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia, and Ukraine introduced when talking about how the EU could improve economic and political ties w/ its neighbors – McCormick it’s the vast organizational umbrella under which the EU conducts its relations w/ the countries of the ‘wider Europe’—EU’s neighbors to the south and east, running in an arc from Morocco to Russia, including everything in b/w EU offers financial assistance to countries w/in the European Neighborhood, so long as they meet conditions of gov’t reform, economic reform and other issues surrounding positive transformation – this process is normally underpinned by an Action Plan, as agreed by Brussels and the target country Based on acquis communautaire The ENP doesn’t include every country in the wider Europe – the countries of Western Balkans as well as Turkey and Russia have special relationships w/ the EU and therefore aren’t included in the ENP The ENP speaks of promoting good governance, economic liberalism, respect for human rights, sustainable development, and social cohesion – the EU already has agreements of some kind with most of the countries in the region – the ENP provides an overarching framework for these agreements, sets priorities, and promises a series of action plans for ea participant Eastern Partnership Five countries under ENP (Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia) form a subgroup called Eastern Partnership, together w/ Belarus, which is excluded from ENP b/c of its human rights abuses Poland and Sweden proposed the Eastern Partnership in May 2008 at a time when France was emphasizing instead the importance of the EU’s relations w/ the southern Mediterranean countries Formally launched in May 2009 It’s a framework for relations b/w the EU and the participating countries w/ a view to promoting the rule of law, good governance, respect for human rights, protection of minorities, free market principles, and sustainable development Institutionally, it includes occasional meetings of heads of state and gov’t, regular meetings of foreign ministers, and frequent meetings of national and European Commission officials The EU offers association agreements w/ ea non-EU member of the Eastern Partnership, but w/out an explicit promise of eventual EU membership Funding for Eastern Partnership activities comes from the financial instruments of the ENP, w/in which the Eastern Partnership fits Enlargement has brought the EU closer to these countries The EU decided to bring Belarus into the Eastern Partnership in the hope of gaining some influence over the country
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