7A - The United Kingdom: essentially, it is just important...

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The United Kingdom : essentially, it is just important to know that the UK is generally very euro-skeptical and pessimistic, and chooses to opt-out a lot to preserve its own national independence and sovereignty. Winston Churchill one of the founding fathers of the EU o many ideas and opinions on what to do with Europe after World War II have helped to shaped roughly the past 65 years of European History. o He believed that mutual cooperation and dependence would be the best way to eliminate the distrust and animosity from the First World War. Prime Minister for two terms: 1940-1945 and 1951-1955 anti-federalist ("in federalist clothing") meaning that he believed in European Integration and unity, however he seemed to exclude Britain from his "grand European project” o saw the UK as more a brother state to the US and not to Europe, he wanted to maintain the “special relationship” between the UK and US o determined to guard Britain's status as a world power Britain was not willing to give up any sovereignty by signing the Treaty of Rome in 1957. o Britain did not officially join the EU until January 1973 Overall, Churchill did a lot to bring awareness to the need of European Integration, but refused to see himself or his country as a part of Europe Tony Blair Served as the PM from 1997 to 2007 o Represented the British Labour Party, which is on the left of the political spectrum and is often also called the “democratic socialist party” Strong FOPO ambitions, which was unusual for a British politician. o Had very strong ties to the United States: was very close with Clinton, and even closer with George W Bush “Bush’s poodle” Blair seen as most “pro-European” British representative first prime minister from the post-war generation, memories not of defending Britain against evil Germans St Malo is known as a key point of focus in his FOPO initiatives o understood that without a security dimension - the ability to deploy forces - and without the machinery that the deployment of forces requires, namely a standing committee for political consultation, there is no foreign policy o showed a shift from British Euroskepticism, but was vague enough to allow the UK to maintain a certain level sovereignty and independence o allowed the UK to seem more Euro-optimisitc while establishing a somewhat vague course of action for furthering military
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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7A - The United Kingdom: essentially, it is just important...

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