IR385Notes - AUnitedStatesofEurope 21:01 EU(intrinsicvalues)

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A United States of Europe 21:01 EU (intrinsic values) Constant progression Leadership in global aid One whole entity free flow of people and capital: common identity Utopia Rebuild infrastructure and economy and ensure interdependence to ensure  peace  Criticisms of the EU Security issues Crisis difficulties Key Terms: Supranational o What is achieved when you completed a process of integration and  governance happens about the nation Intergovernmental o Where foreign and security policy lie. Still cooperation just not integrated Transatlantic relationship o US and EU, can be referred to all of Europe but redundant History of the EU German Question:  o After Treaty of Versailles they imposed harsh terms on Germany but  seemed not harsh enough to keep German nationalism down.  o This failure led to World War II
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o Relationship between France and Germany (key countries when it comes  to foreign and security policy in EU) most prosperous besides UK but they  have a weak stance. They are neighbors so France is the most vulnerable  in Europe. They compete economically but France lags. Numerous military  conflicts (German occupation, psychological aspect).   o  USA aid crucial and required for stability  o Answer: Make Germany relevant and include it. EU needs strong Germany  but not hegemonic power  o What role would Germany take? Federalism vs functionalism Federalism (Spinelli) Called for the immediate creation of a constitution Two levels of government that rule Each level has own autonomous jurisdiction Guarantee jurisdiction over constitution Political problems political answers Functionalism (David Mitrany) Mccormick pgs 7-8: incrementally bridging the gaps between states  by functionally building organizations that fulfill need. As need basis  to achieve efficiency Meeting needs as they arrive. Incremental integration Technicnocratic process. Organically achieve federalism through  installments. Practical Hands off… pick and choose approach. Against constitutions  because they are too formal and too rigid Least common denominator approach Altiero Spinelli, (1907-1986) adamant against functionalism and wanted the  immediate creation of the EU as it is now o At first member of the Italian communist party o Arrested in 1927 for struggling against fascism o Studied in prison, and became a federalist o Wrote ventotene manifesto in 1941: fascism naturally derives from national  dependence and capitalist intentions. Nation-states dangerous and should  be blame for wwI and wwII o “Prophet of the EU” o founded the European Federalist movement in 1943
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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IR385Notes - AUnitedStatesofEurope 21:01 EU(intrinsicvalues)

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