Hist_1000_Study_Guide1 - Sennhenn HIST 1000 Study Guide...

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Sennhenn HIST 1000 Study Guide – Exam One Key Terms and Concepts: Hoplite- a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece Oligarchy - political system in which a small number of men controlled policy making in an assembly of male citizens. Spartans version had two leaders called kings who served as the states religious heads and the generals of its army, not monarchs Polis- an independent community of citizens inhabiting a city and the countryside around it Democracy- a government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. Helot- A great mass of Greek slaves who did almost all of the work for free Spartans. They were captives from Greece that Spartans conquered. They outnumbered the citizens of Sparta Ostracism- from Ostrakon, apiece of broken pottery as a ballot, once a year male citizens would cast ballots on which they would scratch off the name of a man that they felt should be exiled for ten years. If 6,000 ballots were cast, the man whose name appeared the most was expelled from Athens. He suffered no penalty, his family and property remained undisturbed. Phalanx- a group of heavily armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep, with shields joined and long spears overlapping. Tyrant-
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course HIST 1000 taught by Professor Berto during the Spring '08 term at Western Michigan.

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Hist_1000_Study_Guide1 - Sennhenn HIST 1000 Study Guide...

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