ACS Review 19 Carboxylic Acids

ACS Review 19 Carboxylic Acids - ACS Review Carboxylic...

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ACS Review Carboxylic Acids 1. What is the IUPAC name of the following compound? A. 4-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoic acid B. 3-hydroxy-2-methylbutanoic acid C. 1-hydroxy-2-methylbutanoic acid D. 3-(hydroxymethyl)butanoic acid 2. What is the systematic IUPAC name of the compound below? A. 6-bromo-4-ethylbenzenecarboxylic acid B. 2-bromo-4-ethylbenzenecarboxylic acid C. ortho -bromo- para -ethylbenzoic acid D. 1-bromo-3-ethylbenzoic acid 3. Rank the following compounds in decreasing order of acidity. A. II > I > III B. II > III > I C. III > II > I D. III > I > II 4. A mixture of 1-hexanol and hexanoic acid in diethyl ether is shaken with an aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution. Which line below correctly describes the major organic species in the two resulting immiscible solutions? ether solution sodium bicarbonate solution A) hexanoic acid 1-hexanol B) 1-hexanol hexanoic acid C) sodium hexanoate 1-hexanol D) 1-hexanol sodium hexanoate A. A B. B C. C D. D 5. The cleansing action of soaps is due to the formation of:
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A. water insoluble micelles with lipophilic interiors B. water soluble micelles with lipophilic interiors C. water insoluble micelles with hydrophilic interiors D. water soluble micelles with hydrophilic interiors 6. Which one of the following has the best soap cleansing properties?
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ACS Review 19 Carboxylic Acids - ACS Review Carboxylic...

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