Psy3_FinalReviewSheets

Psy3_FinalReviewSheets - BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF...

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1 BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF PSYCHOLOGY (Psychology 3) Summer A 2010 “LECTURE 5” (independent reading) Neurological Disorders Chapter 15 IMPORTANT: Most of this material was not covered in class. *Stroke: What is a stroke? What are cerebral hemorrhage, aneurysms, ischemia, infarct, thrombosis, and embolism? * Head Injuries: What are open head injuries and concussions? What is the countercoup effect? Statistically, it is the frontal and temporal lobes that are often damaged by concussion; based on the countercoup effect, deduce which parts of the head tend to receive blows. What is dementia pugilistica and in what profession it is fairly common? *Brain Tumors: What are gliomas, meningiomas, and metastases? What is the origin of these cells (CNS vs. not CNS)? *Seizures and Epilepsy: What are seizures and epilepsy? Can a single seizure be considered epilepsy? What are partial and generalized seizures? What are simple and complex partial seizures? What are grand mal and petit mal generalized seizures? How would you determine which of the seizures a person is having? Can you notice that you are having a seizure? *Multiple Sclerosis: What is multiple sclerosis (MS)? What is the relationship between the immune system and oligodendrocytes in MS? *Brain Infections: What animal parasites can live in the brain? What is encephalitis? What is meningitis? How does AIDS affect the brain? *Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs): What are TSEs? What is Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CDJ)? What is kuru (also known as laughing death ; see http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,867948,00.html ). What is unusual about the cause of TSEs? What are prions? Can they be destroyed by usual sterilization procedures? *Migraine: What is migraine? How does one of the cranial nerves in the brainstem cause migraine (notice its connections with the meninges and recall the first part of the course).
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2 LECTURE 6 Psychopharmacology Chapter 4 IMPORTANT: For this part of the course (Lecture 6), only the material covered in the lecture is required for the final exam. No additional information is required from Chapter 4 . Neurotransmitters at the Synapse: A quick overview of the basic synaptic elements. Major neurotransmitters and their functions: glutamate, GABA, serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine. What synaptic processes can drugs affect? What are agonists and antagonists? Drugs and Acetylcholine: Black window venom, botulinum toxin, nicotine, and curare. Drugs and Dopamine: L-dopa, amphetamine, cocaine, medications used to treat schizophrenia. Drugs and Serotonin: MDMA (Ecstasy), SSRIs (a class of antidepressants). The effects of MDMA on serotonin axons. Hallucinogenic Drugs:
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Psy3_FinalReviewSheets - BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF...

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