Survey_Research_-_notes_version

Survey_Research_-_notes_version - 8/9/2010 Writing...

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8/9/2010 1 Survey Research Writing Questions Questions need to be clear and concise Questions should be directly relevant to the hypothesis Avoid loaded or leading questions Avoid double-barreled questions Clear questions Self-injury is defined as purposely causing injury to oneself through cutting, burning, hair pulling, bruising, or chemical burns. These acts are not done with the intent to commit suicide, but as a way to relieve emotional tension built up from a lack of control over one’s life, depression, anxiety, or a variety of other issues. According to this definition, have you ever self-injured? Have you ever intentionally cut yourself? Have you ever intentionally burned yourself? If yes to the above, were you trying to commit suicide? Questions relevant to the hypothesis Question: How many times per week do you masturbate? Choose one : Never 4 - 5 /week 0 - 1 /week 5 - 6 /week 1 - 2 /week 6 - 7 /week 2 - 3 /week more than 7 3 - 4 /week Hypothesis: This prediction is based on my knowledge of human sexuality. This difference between M & F could be because of upbringing, M/F sexual roles, gender difference, education, genital location . . . and many other human nature factors . . .
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8/9/2010 2 Avoid loaded or leading questions Given the failure of welfare in the United States, do you feel welfare programs should be eliminated? 12345 Not at all Very much so Do you feel welfare programs should be eliminated? Halo effects: Avoid associating a position with a person so that responses may reflect feelings about the person rather than the position Double-barreled questions Do not ask two questions at the same time Cannot parse out which is driving the answer “Do you believe that airbags are unsafe and expensive?” Do you believe that airbags are unsafe? Do you believe that airbags are expensive Do you believe that airbags are expensive? College students should receive grades in their courses because this prepares them for the competitive world outside of college Open-Ended vs. Closed-Ended questions Open-ended: Respondents answer in their own words (e.g., “What is the most important thing for children to prepare them for life?”) Advantages : Disadvantages : Closed-ended: Limit response alternatives (choose from a list for “most important thing” question important thing question) Advantages : Disadvantages : “What is most important thing for children to prepare them for life?” Open-ended: 5% said “to think for themselves” Closed-ended: 62% chose option “to think for themselves” Closed-ended questions Make sure the options are mutually exclusive Make sure the options are exhaustive (all possibilities are covered)
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8/9/2010 3
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2010 for the course PSY 7 taught by Professor Sherman during the Summer '09 term at UCSB.

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Survey_Research_-_notes_version - 8/9/2010 Writing...

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