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Unformatted text preview: the dot product on R n is x y = <x, y> = y t x , while the standard inner product on C n is <x, y> = y t x = y * x . A vector space doesnt need an inner product, but if it has one, it is an inner product space, and it automatically gets some geometry: an inner product denes a length ( the natural norm for the inner product space) as k x k <x, x>, and the angle, , between vectors by <x, y> = k x kk y k cos( ) . You might remember this formula as a theorem from Euclidean geometry; the dierence is that here we are dening angles through this formula. Among some immediate consequences are the Cauchy-Schwartz inequality: <x, y><y, x> <x, x><y, y> the parallelogram identity: k x + y k 2 + k x-y k 2 = 2( k x k 2 + k y k 2 ) , and a geometric interpretation of nullspace, called orthogonality: x y <x, y> = 0 ....
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2010 for the course PHYS 5073 taught by Professor Mark during the Fall '10 term at Arkansas.
- Fall '10