Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 The changing nature of organizations...

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Chapter 4: The changing nature of organizations What is an organization? Organizations are social entities meaning they are made up of people. Organizations interact with the environment and therefore obtain inputs from the environment and transform them into outputs such as raw materials into goods. Organizations are created to achieve goals as they are goal directed. Organizations possess some sort of structure to ensure work is properly allocated and coordinated. What constitutes an organization’s structure? Four defining elements constitute an organization’s structure. Work specialization, centralization, span of control and formalization. There are two different kinds of specializations, functional and social specialization. Functional specialization refers to the division of jobs into simple, repetitive tasks. Social specialization refers to the specialization of individuals rather than the specialization of jobs. Social specialization is accomplished through the employment of professionals whose skills cannot be easily made into a routine. Centralization: If top
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2010 for the course ADMS 1000 taught by Professor Sumwaru during the Spring '09 term at York University.

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Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 The changing nature of organizations...

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