Accounting information systems

Accounting - Accounting information systems are useful for companies and businesses wanting to make the accounting process easier by utilizing a

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Accounting information systems are useful for companies and businesses wanting to make the accounting process easier by utilizing a computer program or other system that will perform payroll and other functions. These systems, commonly including accounting software, make it easier to compile financial data for use in taxes, payroll, and other bookkeeping requirements. Recording is the first step in these systems that are used by companies including pertinent data such as expenses and profits that are very important to keep on file. After the recording phase, the information will be processed for use. When processed, it is filed in the areas where it is most important. These systems have various groupings or categories to maintain files until they need to be used in the future for whatever reasons. The final step that is part of most software programs is the communication phase. This is the process of actually utilizing the records that have been recorded and processed. Common communications of this data will be used for payroll and tax purposes. "The thoughts of the diligent tend only to plenteousness; but of every one that is hasty only to want." (Proverbs 21:5) The use of information systems is very important in recording vital financial data that will be used in the future. Major corporations, especially in the retail industry, will keep such data as sales, profits, expenses, and many other items for future use in financial reports. Recording will be done often on a daily basis, if not on a minute-by-minute basis with more complex and detailed accounting software. This is very important also because it will not only be used for daily practices, but will be necessary for tax purposes for the remainder of the year. Also, much of this data has to be kept on file for a number of years, in the event of an audit or other financial issues that may arise. Legal issues can cause severe problems and even end in the destruction of a company. By using computerized accounting information systems to organize and retain this data, companies have a much better chance to survive and succeed. After the process of recording information with software, the next step that is taken is processing. With most accounting software or programs, there are different files and categories where records can be stored. This filing or storage can be done manually by the individual or group of people who works with the accounting information systems. Programs can also be set to do this automatically as information is entered into the system. Certain criteria can be set up in the program to allow the program to place files and data in the places or areas where it is supposed to go. There will usually be different categories for different data and some of the categories may include accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, purchasing, and other information that needs to be recorded and retained. The final step is the process of communicating the data in the area in which it should be communicated.
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2010 for the course MBA 5112 taught by Professor Tobul during the Spring '10 term at Institute of Business Administration.

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Accounting - Accounting information systems are useful for companies and businesses wanting to make the accounting process easier by utilizing a

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