ch2 - Chapter 2: Operating-System Structures Silberschatz,...

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Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2009 (adopted and revised) Chapter 2: Operating-System Structures
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2.2 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2009 (adopted and revised) Chapter 2: Operating-System Structures Operating System Services User Operating System Interface System Calls Types of System Calls System Programs Operating System Design and Implementation Operating System Structure Operating System Generation System Boot
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2.3 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2009 (adopted and revised) Objectives To describe the services an operating system provides to users, processes, and other systems To discuss the various ways of structuring an operating system To explain how operating systems are installed and customized and how they boot
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2.4 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2009 (adopted and revised) A View of Operating System Services
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2.5 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2009 (adopted and revised) Operating System Services One set of operating-system services provides functions that are helpful to the user: User interface - Almost all operating systems have a user interface (UI) Varies between Command-Line (CLI) , Graphics User Interface (GUI), Batch Program execution - The system must be able to load a program into memory and to run that program, end execution, either normally or abnormally (indicating error) I/O operations - A running program may require I/O, which may involve a file or an I/O device File-system manipulation - The file system is of particular interest. Obviously, programs need to read and write files and directories, create and delete them, search them, list file Information, permission management.
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2.6 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2009 (adopted and revised) Operating System Services (Cont) One set of operating-system services provides functions that are helpful to the user (Cont): Communications – Processes may exchange information, on the same computer or between computers over a network Communications may be via shared memory or through message passing (packets moved by the OS) Error detection – OS needs to be constantly aware of possible errors May occur in the CPU and memory hardware, in I/O devices, in user program For each type of error, OS should take the appropriate action to ensure correct and consistent computing
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2.7 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2009 (adopted and revised) Operating System Services (Cont) Another set of OS functions exists for ensuring the efficient operation of the system itself via resource sharing Resource allocation - When multiple users or multiple jobs running concurrently, resources must be allocated to each of them Many types of resources - Some (such as CPU cycles, main memory, and file storage) may have special allocation code, others (such as I/O devices) may have general request and release code Accounting - To keep track of which users use how much and what kinds of computer resources
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2.8
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2010 for the course CSIS 100 taught by Professor Wu during the Spring '10 term at Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani - Hyderabad.

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ch2 - Chapter 2: Operating-System Structures Silberschatz,...

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