www_imf_org_external_pubs_ft_health_eng_hdwi_hdwi_pdf.pdf - Health and Development A compilation of articles from Finance Development International

www_imf_org_external_pubs_ft_health_eng_hdwi_hdwi_pdf.pdf -...

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A compilation of articles from Finance & Development International Monetary Fund Washington, DC December 2004 Health and Development
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© 2004 International Monetary Fund Editor Jeremy Clift Production: IMF Graphics Section Cover and design: Luisa Menjivar, Jorge Salazar Typesetting: Lai Oy Louie, Lijun Li ISBN 1-58906-341-4 Published December 2004 Price: $15.00 To order IMF publications, please contact: International Monetary Fund, Publication Services 700 19th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20431, U.S.A. Tel.: (202) 623-7430 Telefax: (202) 623-7201 E-mail: [email protected] Internet:
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Preface The past century has been marked by rapid advances in human welfare. People in most parts of the world are healthier and are living longer. While this trend is likely to con- tinue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the 1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic. This compilation of articles published over the past five years in the pages of F&D looks at the important links between health and economic progress. Articles range over a variety of topics, from the Millennium Development Goals and their health-related tar- gets for 2015 to the economics of tobacco control. Several articles examine the impact of AIDS, while others look at debt and the intellectual property aspects of health care. By publishing the articles together, we hope that they will form a useful starting point for those examining the economics of health in developing countries. Laura Wallace Editor-in-Chief Finance & Development December 2004 Health & Development iii
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Contents Preface 1 Getting There How to accelerate progress toward the Millennium Development Goals Mark Baird and Sudhir Shetty 8 Checking Up on Health A chart-based description of the world’s health trends 10 Health, Wealth, and Welfare New evidence and a wider perspective suggest sizable economic returns to better health David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Dean T. Jamison 16 Making Health Care Accountable The new focus on performance-based funding of health services in developing countries Robert Hecht, Amie Batson, and Logan Brenzel 20 New Antimalarial Drugs: Biology and Economics Meet Ways to stop or slow the spread of drug-resistant strains of malaria Kenneth J. Arrow 22 Medicines, Patents, and TRIPS Has the intellectual property pact opened a Pandora’s box for pharmaceuticals? Arvind Subramanian 26 Debt Relief and Public Health Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Sanjeev Gupta, Benedict Clements, Maria Teresa Guin-Siu, and Luc Leruth 30 Making Services Work for Poor People Why the poor need more control over health care and other essential services Shantayanan Devarajan and Ritva Reinikka 36 Confronting AIDS Developing countries must face the realities of the epidemic Lyn Squire 39 Coping with the Impact of AIDS The strain on limited resources Mead Over 43 Setting Government Priorities in Preventing HIV/AIDS Public policy is an effective weapon Martha Ainsworth 48 Making AIDS Part of the Global Development Agenda AIDS is a development problem that must be addressed globally
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