Chapter 10 Definitions

Chapter 10 Definitions -...

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CHAPTER 10 - HEALTH-COMPROMISING BEHAVIOURS 1. POSITIVE-AFFECT SMOKER – A SMOKER WHO SMOKES TO ATTAIN POSITIVE AFFECT (E.G., INCREASED STIMULATION,  RELAXATION, OR GRATIFICATION OF SENSORIMOTOR NEEDS). 2. NEGATIVE-AFFECT SMOKER – A SMOKER WHO SMOKES TO REDUCE NEGATIVE AFFECT, SUCH AS ANXIETY, DISTRESS,  FEAR, OR GUILT. 3. HABITUAL SMOKERS – SMOKERS WHO SMOKE WITHOUT AWARENESS THAT THEY ARE DOING SO. 4. ADDICTIVE SMOKERS – SMOKERS WHO DEVELOP A PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE ON SMOKING AND ARE KEENLY AWARE  WHEN THEY ARE NOT SMOKING. 5. ENVIRONMENTAL TABACCO SMOKE (ETS) (SECOND-HAND SMOKE) – SMOKE THAT IS IN THE AIR WE BREATHE BECAUSE OF  OTHER’S SMOKING. 6. PASSIVE SMOKING – THE BREATHING OF ENVIRONMENTAL TABACCO SMOKE. 7. ADDICTION – THE STATE OF BEING PHYSICALLY OR PSYCHOLOGICALLY DEPENDENT ON A SUBSTANCE. 8. WITHDRAWAL – THE UNPLEASANT SYMPTOMS PEOPLE EXPERIENCE WHEN THEY STOP USING A SUBSTANCE ON WHICH  THEY HAVE BECOME DEPENDENT. 9. NICOTINE-REPLACEMENT THERAPY – A TECHNIQUE TO HELP ONE STOP SMOKING THAT PROVIDES SOME FORM OF  NICOTINE TO REPLACE THAT PREVIOUSLY OBTAINED THROUGH SMOKING. 10. AVERSION THERAPIES – THERAPY THAT INCLUDES PAIRING BEHAVIOUR THAT ONE IS ATTEMPTING TO ELIMINATE WITH  SOME UNPLEASANT STIMULUS SO THAT THE UNDESIRED BEHAVIOUR WILL ELICIT NEGATIVE SENSATIONS. 11. SELF-MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES – STRATEGIES USED TO HELP PEOPLE OVERCOME THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS  THAT PERPETUATE SMOKING. 12.
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Chapter 10 Definitions -...

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