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Lecture2510fb - Chemistry 83 4/22/10 1 Adverse Effects of...

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Unformatted text preview: Chemistry 83 4/22/10 1 Adverse Effects of Current Technologies on Humans Laws that protect society: OHSA, CPSA, HMTA, EPCRA, TRI Hazardous Substances in the Chemical Manufacturing Industry Hazardous substances are materials that can pose a short-term or long-term danger to personal health or the environment if they are not properly managed (contained) World production of commercial chemicals is about 300 M tons of 100,000 different substances/yr, of which only 5000 are considered to be hazardous Chemistry 83 4/22/10 2 Laws that protect citizens from hazardous substances O ccupational S afety and H ealth A ct (OSHA, 70) regulates safe use and storage of chemicals in workplace, implemented by Department of Labor [http://www.epa.gov/reg5oopa/defs/html/osha.htm] C onsumer P roduct S afety A ct (CPSA, 72) protect the public "against unreasonable risks of injuries associated with consumer products. [http://www.cpsc.gov/about/faq.html)] H azardous M aterials T ransportation A ct (HMTA, 75) regulates safe transportation of chemicals, implemented by Department of Transportation [http://safety.science.tamu.edu/dot.html] E mergency P lanning and C ommunity R ight-to-Know A ct (EPCRA, 86): requires manufacturers to inform communities of hazards and to work with citizens to provide plans for possible emergencies. T oxics R elease I nventory (TRI, 88): requires companies to disclose information about amounts of toxic chemicals they release into the air and water and dispose of on land. Types of Hazards and OSHA Warning Label OSHA deFnes four types of hazards in a diamond- shaped warning label http://www.uigi.com/nfpa_labelcode.gif http://www.hclco.com/images/34a.gif Chemistry 83 4/22/10 2 Laws that protect citizens from hazardous substances O ccupational S afety and H ealth A ct (OSHA, 70) regulates safe use and storage of chemicals in workplace, implemented by Department of Labor [http://www.epa.gov/reg5oopa/defs/html/osha.htm] C onsumer P roduct S afety A ct (CPSA, 72) protect the public "against unreasonable risks of injuries associated with consumer products. [http://www.cpsc.gov/about/faq.html)] H azardous M aterials T ransportation A ct (HMTA, 75) regulates safe transportation of chemicals, implemented by Department of Transportation [http://safety.science.tamu.edu/dot.html] E mergency P lanning and C ommunity R ight-to-Know A ct (EPCRA, 86): requires manufacturers to inform communities of hazards and to work with citizens to provide plans for possible emergencies. T oxics R elease I nventory (TRI, 88): requires companies to disclose information about amounts of toxic chemicals they release into the air and water and dispose of on land....
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This note was uploaded on 12/19/2010 for the course CHEM 83 taught by Professor Bonk,j during the Fall '08 term at Duke.

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Lecture2510fb - Chemistry 83 4/22/10 1 Adverse Effects of...

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