westernworld notes 3

westernworld notes 3 - Charlemagne and the Carolingian...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire During the 7 th and 8 th centuries the Frankish Kings (Merovingians) lost most of their power Power was mainly based on land Political fragmentation The Carolingians were among many aristocratic families on the rise during this period They gained exceptional power by monopolizing the position of “palace mayor” Charles Martel (714-741) most famous He increased the amount of land controlled by his family He borrowed land from monasteries and bishops and distributed it among his followers He defeated the other Frankish aristocrats He stopped Muslim expansionism Battle of Poitiers (732) Pippin III (Son of Charles Martel) He continued his father’s policies and deposed the last Merovingian King It was necessary to legitimize this act The pope agreed to recognize Pippin as new King of the Franks. In return the Carolingians offered military protection to the papacy Creation of a special relation between Rome and the Franks The Carolingian partnership with the papacy gave the dynasty a special aura The kingship of the Merovingians had some pagan characteristics During the ceremony of coronation the Carolingians kings’ shoulders and forehead were anointed with holy oil The same ritual was used by ancient Jews The Franks under the Carolingians were the new chosen people Charlemagne (768-814) Carolus=Charles Magnus = the great Son of Pippin III Charlemagne spent the first 30 years of his rule conquering lands in all directions and subjugating the conquered peoples Lombards (Italy) Avars ( Central Europe = Austria and Hungary) Muslims (Catalonia = North-west Spain) Basques defeated the rearguard of his army at Roncesvalle (778) The song of Roland Saxons (Germany). The longest (30 years) and most difficult campaign Saxons = Germanic people who did not settle in the Roman empire =
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

westernworld notes 3 - Charlemagne and the Carolingian...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online