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Unformatted text preview: Expansion and Growth in Expansion and Growth in th Early 20 C Railways and Electricity
Lecture Ten History 113 Electrical Utilities Electrical Utilities New technological developments to generate and distribute electricity Potential for economic development and growth Early Private Electric Companies Investment and Profitability Streetcar Companies Example: William Mackenzie (TO Railway Co & Mackenzie) Electrical Utilities Electrical Utilities Amalgamation Cost effective and profitable Example: Montreal Light, Heat and Power Example: Telephone Service Charles Sise and Bell Canada (picture) Electrical Utilities Electrical Utilities Public/Private Debate: Ontario Hydro Electric Commission Adam Beck (picture) Mix of public and private Public/Private phone service in West and Maritimes Railways Railways CPR Company Problems after 1885 Effective Management and Diversification (Banff Springs 1902) Transcontinental rail development Canadian Northern and GTR Consolidation – Canadian Nation Railway 1920 Transcontinental Rails 1920 Transcontinental Rails 1920 Expansion and Growth in Expansion and Growth in th Early 20 C Western Development, Mining and Forestry Economic Growth Early 20 C Economic Growth Early 20
th 18901930: Period of Expansion, Economic Growth and Change Interrelated Factors: Technological Developments Infrastructure Development Population Growth Development West and North “National Policy” – Immigration and Western Settlement Promotion not successful to late 1890s (Advertisement Early 1900s) Success! Wheat Boom Importance of Wheat Example: MasseyHarris Wheat and Western Wheat and Western Development Mining Mining Before 1890s – Coal Factors leading to development of mining after 1890 After 1890s: Gold in Klondike Gold Rush 1896 Minimal Technology and Investment (Panning for Gold) Mining After 1890 Mining After 1890 CPR – Involvement in Mining Copper/Silver – Trail, B.C. Consolidated Mining and Smelting (Cominco) Mining in Northern Ontario: Discovery of copper/nickel at Sudbury Canadian Copper Co. Merges with Orford Copper Co. 1902 INCO Mining after 1890 Mining after 1890 Development of “New Ontario” Cobalt – Silver and Copper Noah Timmins (picture) and Hollinger Mines Gold – Porcupine, Timmins, Swastika, Kirkland Lake Forestry Forestry Timber and Lumber Lumber industry expands into northern Ontario “manufacturing condition” J. R. Booth (picture) B.C. – New frontier for lumber industry Pulp and Paper Pulp and Paper Expands the forestry industry in Ont and Que Technological advances F.H. Clergue – Sault Ste Marie Quebec: Laurentide Pulp Co. – Grand Mere Compagnie de Pulpe de Chicoutimi 1898 Alfred Dubuc ...
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- Fall '09