Unformatted text preview: Workers and Small Workers and Small th Business Early 20 C
Lecture Twelve History 113 Workers in Age of Big Business Workers in Age of Big Business New Methods and Practices of Big Business Led to challenges for workers: Impersonal Nature of Employer/Employee Relationship New Efficiency and Employee Management Measures Managing Workers Managing Workers Behavioural codes: Scientific Management – Frederick Taylor (picture): “Protestant Work Ethic” – Sobriety, Hard Work, Punctuality, Thrift Codes for White Collar Workers Discipline of Factory Workers Measures to increase efficiency and production Resisted – Reduces autonomy and control of workers Managing Workers Managing Workers Mechanization: New technologies implemented to increase productivity and efficiency Increased speed and simplification of tasks Leads to deskilling To increase employee dedication to company “Welfare capitalism” (1929 cartoon poking fun at profit sharing) Paternalism: Work Conditions Work Conditions Concerns/Problems Faced by Workers Exploitive work place environment and wages? Responses: 1. By Government Enquiries and Legislation Concern is for women and children (Young Coal Miners) Work Conditions Work Conditions Responses: 2. By Workers Organization – Craft Unions and General Unions Example: Knights of Labour (Seal and Motto) 3. By Employers Resistance to Unions Employer Associations Small Business Small Business Ongoing prominence of small business in all sectors of economy: Market and Technological Conditions Combinations and Other Responses Example: Farming on Prairies Form Producer CoOperatives “Integrate” production, transportation, marketing Small Business Small Business Farming: Modern Business Practices in Farming (Harvesting wheat 1915) Political Pressure – Controls on Freight Rates Grain Elevators (Storage) Cooperatives United Grain Growers Ltd & Sask Coop Elevator Co By 1920s, control majority of line and terminal elevators Small Business Small Business Farming: Marketing and Pricing First “wheat board” established by government in WWI – dissolved in 1920 Farmers create wheat “pools” (marketing coops) (Image for Young Farmers’ Group) Coop Wheat Production Co (Alta 1923, Sask & Man 1924) Allow small independents to operate according to some big business practices ...
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- Fall '09
- History, Agricultural machinery, Workers Managing Workers, Small Workers, Business Small Business