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HIS113-12 Workers and Small Business

HIS113-12 Workers and Small Business - Workers and Small...

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Unformatted text preview: Workers and Small Workers and Small th Business Early 20 C Lecture Twelve History 113 Workers in Age of Big Business Workers in Age of Big Business New Methods and Practices of Big Business Led to challenges for workers: Impersonal Nature of Employer/Employee Relationship New Efficiency and Employee Management Measures Managing Workers Managing Workers Behavioural codes: Scientific Management – Frederick Taylor (picture): “Protestant Work Ethic” – Sobriety, Hard Work, Punctuality, Thrift Codes for White Collar Workers Discipline of Factory Workers Measures to increase efficiency and production Resisted – Reduces autonomy and control of workers Managing Workers Managing Workers Mechanization: New technologies implemented to increase productivity and efficiency Increased speed and simplification of tasks Leads to de­skilling To increase employee dedication to company “Welfare capitalism” (1929 cartoon poking fun at profit sharing) Paternalism: Work Conditions Work Conditions Concerns/Problems Faced by Workers Exploitive work place environment and wages? Responses: 1. By Government Enquiries and Legislation Concern is for women and children (Young Coal Miners) Work Conditions Work Conditions Responses: 2. By Workers Organization – Craft Unions and General Unions Example: Knights of Labour (Seal and Motto) 3. By Employers Resistance to Unions Employer Associations Small Business Small Business Ongoing prominence of small business in all sectors of economy: Market and Technological Conditions Combinations and Other Responses Example: Farming on Prairies Form Producer Co­Operatives “Integrate” production, transportation, marketing Small Business Small Business Farming: Modern Business Practices in Farming (Harvesting wheat 1915) Political Pressure – Controls on Freight Rates Grain Elevators (Storage) ­ Cooperatives United Grain Growers Ltd & Sask Co­op Elevator Co By 1920s, control majority of line and terminal elevators Small Business Small Business Farming: Marketing and Pricing First “wheat board” established by government in WWI – dissolved in 1920 Farmers create wheat “pools” (marketing coops) (Image for Young Farmers’ Group) Co­op Wheat Production Co (Alta 1923, Sask & Man 1924) Allow small independents to operate according to some big business practices ...
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