Ch06-SG - Chapter 6: Criminal Law and Cyber Crimes W HAT...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Criminal Law and Cyber Crimes W HAT THIS C HAPTER I S A BOUT This chapter defines what makes an act a crime, describes crimes that affect business (including cyber crimes), lists defenses to crimes, and outlines criminal procedure. Sanctions for crimes are different from those for torts or breaches of contract. Another difference between civil and criminal law is that an individual can bring a civil suit, but only the government can prosecute a criminal. C HAPTER O UTLINE I. CIVIL LAW AND CRIMINAL LAW A. C IVIL L AW Civil law consists of the duties that exist between persons or between citizens and their governments, excluding the duty not to commit crimes. B. C RIMINAL L AW A crime is a wrong against society proclaimed in a statute and, if committed, punishable by society through fines, imprisonment, or death. Crimes are offenses against society as a whole and are prose- cuted by public officials, not victims. II. CLASSIFICATION OF CRIMES Felonies are serious crimes punishable by death or by imprisonment in a fed eral or state penitentiary for more than a year. A crime that is not a felony is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine or by confinement (in a local jail) for up to a year. Petty offenses are minor misdemeanors. III. CRIMINAL LIABILITY Two elements must exist for a person to be convicted of a crime A. C RIMINAL A CT A criminal statute prohibits certain behavioran act of commission (doing something) or an act of omission (not doing something that is a legal duty). B. I NTENT TO C OMMIT A C RIME The wrongful mental state required to establish guilt depends on the crime. IV. CORPORATE CRIMINAL LIABILITY Corporations are liable for crimes committed by their agents and employees within the course and scope of employment. Directors and officers are personally liable for crimes they commit and may be liable for the actions of employees under their supervision. 41 42 UNIT 2: THE PUBLIC ENVIRONMENT CHAPTER 6: CRIMINAL LAW AND CYBER CRIMES 43 V. TYPES OF CRIMES A. V IOLENT C RIME These include murder, rape, assault and battery (see Chapter 5), and robbery (forcefully and unlawfully taking personal property from another). They are classified by degree, depending on intent, weapon, and victims suffering....
View Full Document

Page1 / 16

Ch06-SG - Chapter 6: Criminal Law and Cyber Crimes W HAT...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online