Ch18-SG - Protecting theEnvironment WHATTHISCHAPTERISABOUT...

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Chapter 18: Protecting the Environment W HAT   THIS  C HAPTER  I S  A BOUT This chapter  covers environmental  law, which  is the law that relates to environmental  protection—common   law actions and  federal statutes and  regulations. C HAPTER  O UTLINE I. COMMON  LAW ACTIONS A. N UISANCE Persons cannot  use their property  in a way  that unreasonably  interferes with  others’ rights to use or en - joy their own property.  An injured  party may be awarded  damages or an injunction. B. N EGLIGENCE   AND  S TRICT  L IABILITY A  business  that  fails  to  use  reasonable  care  may  be  liable  to  a  party  whose  injury  was  foreseeable.  Businesses that  engage  in ultrahazardous  activities are strictly liable for whatever  injuries the activities  cause. II. FEDERAL, STATE, AND  LOCAL REGULATION A. F EDERAL  R EGULATION 1. Environmental Regulatory Agencies The Environmental  Protection Agency (EPA) coordinates federal environmental responsibilities and   administers  most  federal  environmental  policies and  statutes.  State  and  local agencies  implement  environmental statutes and  regulations. Citizens can sue to enforce the regulations. 2. Environmental Impact Statements The  National  Environmental  Policy  Act  (NEPA)  of 1969 requires  all federal  agencies  to  consider   environmental factors in making  significant decisions. a. When Must an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Be Prepared? When  a major  federal  action  significantly  affects the  quality  of the  environment.  An  action  is  major  if it involves substantial  commitment  of resources. An action  is  federal  if a federal  agency  has the power  to control it. b. What Must an EIS Analyze? (1) The impact  on the environment  that  the action  will have, (2) any  adverse  effects to the envi- ronment  and  alternative  actions  that  might  be  taken,  (3) irreversible  effects  the  action  might   generate. c. Can an Agency Decide Not to Issue an EIS? Yes, but it must  issue a statement  explaining why  an EIS is unnecessary. B. S TATE   AND  L OCAL  R EGULATION 143
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144 UNIT 5: THE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT States regulate  the environment  through  zoning  or more direct regulation. City, county, and  other local  governments  control  some  aspects  through  zoning  laws, waste  removal  and  disposal  regulations,  aes- thetic ordinances, and  so on. III. AIR POLLUTION The Clean Air Act of 1963 (and  amendments) is the basis for regulation. A.
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Ch18-SG - Protecting theEnvironment WHATTHISCHAPTERISABOUT...

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