Sociology Final Review

Sociology Final Review - Sociology Final Review Chapter 9...

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Sociology Final Review Chapter 9 Race - a category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior, often on the basis of physical characteristics such as skin color, hair type, or eye shape Ethnic group - a collection of people distinguished, by others or by themselves, primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics Dominate group- a group that is advantaged and has superior resources and rights in a society Subordinate group - a group whose members, because of physical or cultural characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment by the dominate group and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination Prejudice - a negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about members of selected racial, ethnic, or groups Discrimination - actions or practices of dominate-group members (or their representatives) that have a harmful effect on members of a subordinate group Racism - a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that is used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group Stereotype - overgeneralizations about the appearance, behavior, or other characteristics of particular groups Scapegoat - a person or group that is incapable of offering resistance to the hostility or aggression of others Authoritarian personality - a personality type characterized by excessive conformity, submissiveness to authority, intolerance, insecurity, a high level of superstition, and rigid, stereotypical thinking (Theodore W. Andorno came up with this in 1950) Merton’s Typology of Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice Attitude? Unprejudiced nondiscriminator Discriminatory Behavior? NO NO NO YES YES NO YES YES Unprejudiced discriminator Prejudiced nondiscriminator Prejudiced discriminator
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Genocide -the deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation Assimilation - a process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnics groups become absorbed into the dominant culture Ethnic pluralism - the coexistence of a variety of distinct racial and ethnic groups within one society Segregation - the spatial and social separation of categories of people by race, ethnicity, class, gender, and/or religion Internal Colonialism - according to conflict theorists, a practice that occurs when members of a racial or ethnic group are conquered or colonized and forcibly placed under the economic and political control of the dominate group Split Labor Market - a term used to describe the division of the economy into two areas of employment, a primary sector or upper tier, composed of higher-paid workers in more- secure jobs Chapter 10 Sex - the biological and anatomical differences between females and males Primary Sex Characteristics - then genitalia used in the reproductive process Secondary Sex Characteristics - the physical traits that identify an individual’s sex Hermaphrodites - individuals where reproductive organs of both sexes are present
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course SOC 2000 taught by Professor Kathleen during the Spring '07 term at Western Michigan.

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Sociology Final Review - Sociology Final Review Chapter 9...

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