westernworld notes 4

westernworld notes 4 - The First Crusade and the Kingdom of...

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The First Crusade and the Kingdom of Jerusalem Contemperaries and later commentators rightly regarded the First Crusade as something new It however rested on a series of foundations Just War for Augustine (354-430) 1. the war must be declared by a legitimate authority 2. there must be a lawful reason for war 3. any possible resolution must have failed 4. war must be waged with moderation Just Wars = wars waged by secular power acting with God’s Authority Peace of God This movement was intended to protect the defenseless groups in the population It also established certain periods in which fighting was not allowed = the Truce of God Formation of peace leagues = Secular lords swore that they would take arms against peace-breakers Cluny promoted this movement. These initiatives also strengthen the position of the reformers They also helped to spread the idea of righteous violence and to condemn warfare against fellow Christians as unchristian After the Muslim sack of St. Peter in 846, two popes declared that those who died
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course HIST 1000 taught by Professor Berto during the Spring '08 term at Western Michigan.

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westernworld notes 4 - The First Crusade and the Kingdom of...

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