ES_semester_review

Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections, and Solutions (with CD-ROM and InfoTrac)

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Unformatted text preview: Environmental Science Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Matter is anything that a. has mass and occupies space. b. has the capacity to do work. c. can be changed in form. d. can produce change. e. moves mass. ____ 2. All of the following are elements except a. water. b. oxygen. c. nitrogen. d. hydrogen. e. carbon. ____ 3. The atomic number is the number of a. atoms in a molecule. b. protons in an atom. c. nuclei in a molecule. d. electrons in an atom. e. protons and neutrons in an atom. ____ 4. Protons, neutrons, and electrons are all a. forms of energy. b. equal in mass. c. subatomic particles. d. negative ions. e. charged particles. ____ 5. The atomic mass number is equal to the sum of the a. neutrons and isotopes. b. neutrons and electrons. c. neutrons and protons. d. protons, neutrons, and electrons. e. protons only. ____ 6. Isotopes differ from each other by their number of a. ions. b. protons. c. atoms. d. neutrons. e. electrons. ____ 7. Organic compounds include all of the following except a. chlorofluorocarbons. b. hydrocarbons. c. chlorinated hydrocarbons. d. carbohydrates. e. carbon dioxide. ____ 8. Which complex compound is correctly matched with its building block? a. complex carbohydrates-simple sugars such as glucose b. nucleic acids-amino acids c. chromosomes-proteins d. proteins-simple sugars such as glucose e. proteins-nucleic acids ____ 9. Which of the following sources of iron would be of the highest quality? a. iron deposits on the ocean floor b. a field of spinach c. a large, scrap metal junkyard d. a one-half-mile deep deposit of iron ore e. none of these answers. ____ 10. The ultimate result of radioactive decay is a. stable, high-energy radiation. b. unstable, high-energy radiation. c. a stable isotope. d. a radioactive, stable isotope. e. a radioactive, unstable isotope. ____ 11. Which of the following would be the best type of pollutant to bury in your yard? a. degradable pollutants b. slowly degradable pollutants c. biodegradable pollutants d. nondegradable pollutants e. persistent pollutants ____ 12. Nuclear changes include a. nuclear fission. b. nuclear fusion. c. natural radioactive decay. d. all of these answers. e. none of these answers. ____ 13. Which of the following involves changes of mass into energy? a. chemical changes b. energy changes c. physical changes d. nuclear changes e. all of these answers. ____ 14. Natural radioactive decay is best described as a a. chemical change. b. physical change. c. nuclear change. d. environmental change. e. molecular change. ____ 15. All of the following are given off by natural radioactivity except a. alpha particles....
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ES_semester_review - Environmental Science Review Multiple...

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