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Unformatted text preview: 1 Chapter 10 & 11 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Biodiversity should be protected because of its intrinsic value. The definition of intrinsic value is a. the value of an organism, species , or ecosystem based on its existence, regardless of whether it has any usefulness to humans. b. the value of an organism, species, or ecosystem based on its usefulness to humans c. the satisfaction of knowing that something in nature exists even if we get no direct use from it. d. the aesthetic value of a species. e. the willingness of some people to pay to protect some forms of natural capital for use by future generations. ____ 2. Which of the following is not an ecological service provided by forests? a. support energy flow and chemical cycling b. pollination c. reduce soil erosion d. absorb and release water e. purify air and water ____ 3. Old-growth forests can be described by all of the following except a. have not been disturbed for several hundred years. b. large numbers of snags and fallen logs. c. provide a variety of ecological niches. d. a clear forest floor. e. are the predominant forest form in the tropics. ____ 4. Forested watersheds a. slow down water runoff. b. moderate climate. c. absorb pollutants. d. All of these answers. e. None of these answers. ____ 5. Clear-cutting a. reduces biodiversity. b. makes trees bordering the clear-cut area more vulnerable to being blown down by windstorms. c. increases the size of a harvest. d. leads to loss of biodiversity. e. All of these answers. ____ 6. Consequences of fire suppression may include a. buildup of large quantities of highly flammable undergrowth. b. the development of an entirely different ecosystem. c. the fires that do occur may be more severe than the ones suppressed....
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