Edwards Chapter 10 Outline

Edwards Chapter 10 Outline - Michael Horwitz Unit 7 Outline...

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Michael Horwitz Unit 7 Outline Edwards and Wayne: Chapter 10 1. Formal Legislative Powers a. Expectations i. Formulate and promote policies ii. Coordinate policies w/in the executive branch iii. Introduce policies to Congress and the public b. Constitutional Authority i. Inform Congress on the state of the union 1. Has a continuous tenure ii. Recommend necessary and expedient legislation 1. Has national perspective and constituency iii. Summon special sessions of Congress and adjourn it if the two houses cannot agree on a time to adjourn 1. Able to respond quickly to emergencies iv. Use qualified veto 1. Defensive weapon to prevent executive powers from being taken by Congress c. Powers have been used to expand political influence i. State of the Union used today to articulate priorities of administration and mobilize support for programs ii. Responsibility to recommend legislation now used as agenda setting tool 1. Started on a regular basis in 20 th century 2. Some legislation has required the president to report on certain issues a. I.E. 1921 Budget and Accounting Act, 1946 Employment Act, 1974 Budget Act 2. Sources of Conflict Between the Executive and Legislature a. President must influence Congress i. Must build a coalition in each house ii. Needs 2/3 of Senate to ratify treaties iii. Filibuster requires 60 votes to end b. Source of conflict is in structure and processes of politics i. Constituencies 1. Federalist No. 46 by Madison a. Different constituencies for each i. Congress more local, President national 2. 2/3 of Senate not elected at same time as President 3. Senate overrepresents rural states c. Internal Structures i. Executive branch is hierarchical
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1. Reflects the views of the President so it is unified behind those views 2. President helped because he must take comprehensive views of the issues ii. Congress highly decentralized 1. Party membership does not guarantee unity on issues 2. Members representing special interests have disproportionate say over those issues 3. Congressmen not guaranteed to see all views of an issue a. Individuals ask questions, individuals receive answers 4. Specialization on issues means lawmakers rely on party leaders and committee leaders to make decisions a. Leaders chosen do not represent all viewpoints, only those for why they were chosen 5. Congress members not in position to make trade-offs between policies a. Without mechanism to join issues, members not well enabled to raise the President’s priorities b. Trading off on one issue does not mean a return trade off on another so little trading-off takes place 6. Decentralization limits ability to deal with major issues comprehensively a. No one committee is responsible for multiple areas b. The President sees all issues related to each other 7. Hierarchical executive branch structure means President is responsible for entire branch a. President is clearly in charge and responsible b. Congress members relatively obscure compared to president i. Each member can make a self-serving decision and
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2010 for the course PSC 116 taught by Professor Forrestmaltzman during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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Edwards Chapter 10 Outline - Michael Horwitz Unit 7 Outline...

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