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AT-Universal-CP-Compiled

AT-Universal-CP-Compiled - Aff AT Universal CP Aff AT...

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Aff AT: Universal CP Aff AT: Universal CP ................................................................................................................................. 1 Universal Cp Illegit – AFF .......................................................................................................................... 6 Means Testing Non-Unique ......................................................................................................................... 7 Targeting Key to Reduce Poverty ................................................................................................................ 8 Focusing solely on the poor is key to reducing the number of people in poverty and the impacts .................. 8 Parker and Narayan ‘1 (Deepa Narayan is a senior Advisor in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank, Deepa Narayn-Parker PROWWESS Coordinator .................... 8 UNDP-World Bank Water and Sanitation Program, ‘Empowerment and Povery Reduction: A Sourcebook’) .................................................................................................................................... 8 Designing mechanism strictly for the poor is key to empowerment ............................................................ 8 Parker and Narayan ‘1 (Deepa Narayan is a senior Advisor in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank, Deepa Narayn-Parker PROWWESS Coordinator .................... 8 Targeting Key to Reduce Poverty ................................................................................................................ 9 Targeted programs are key to overcoming constraints on the poor and allowing them equal market access .... 9 Parker and Narayan ‘1 (Deepa Narayan is a senior Advisor in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank, Deepa Narayn-Parker PROWWESS Coordinator .................... 9 Past discrimination means that a focus on the poor is key to making sure they have accessto social services- a lack of vigilence means they would be excluded from equal access ............................................................ 9 Parker and Narayan ‘1 (Deepa Narayan is a senior Advisor in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank, Deepa Narayn-Parker PROWWESS Coordinator .................... 9 UNDP-World Bank Water and Sanitation Program, ‘Empowerment and Povery Reduction: A Sourcebook’ pp. 19-20) ........................................................................................................................................... 9 Inclusion focuses on the who question: Who is included? Participation addresses the question of how they are included and the role they play once included. An empowering approach to participation views poor people as co-producers with authority and control over decisions and resources- particularly financial resources- devolved to the lowest appropriate level. Sustaining poor people's participation in societies with deeply entrenched norms of exclusion or in multiethnic societies with a history of conflict is a complex process that requires new institutional mechanisms, resources, facilitation, sustained vigilance, and experimentation. The tendency among most government agencies is to revert to centralized decision making and to hold endless public meetings without any impact on policy or resource decisions. "Participation" then becomes yet another cost imposed on poor people without any returns. Inclusion of poor people and other traditionally excluded groups is also critical in priority setting and budget formation at the local and national level to ensure that limited public resources build on local knowledge and priorities, and build commitment to change. Participatory decision making is not always harmonious and priorities may be contested, so conflict resolution mechanisms need to be in place to manage disagreements ..................................................................................................................................... 9 Targeting Key to Reduce Poverty ............................................................................................................... 10 Understanding and identifying the exclusion of the poor is key in making informed and productive policy decisions .............................................................................................................................................. 10
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