1AC – Heg Good
U.S hegemony solves extinction --- multiple scenarios
Kagan, Senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and senior
transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund, ‘07
(Robert Kagan, senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and senior transatlantic
fellow at the German Marshall Fund, 9-07, “End of Dreams, Return of History,” Stanford University Policy
This is a good thing, and it should continue to be a primary goal of American foreign policy to perpetuate
this relatively benign international configuration of power.
The unipolar order with the U
as the predominant power
is unavoidably riddled with flaws and contradictions. It inspires
fears and jealousies. The United States is not immune to error, like all other nations, and because of its
size and importance in the international system those errors are magnified and take on greater
significance than the errors of less powerful nations. Compared to the ideal Kantian international order,
in which all the world 's powers would be peace-loving equals, conducting themselves wisely, prudently,
and in strict obeisance to international law, the unipolar system is both dangerous and unjust.
Compared to any
in the real world, however, it
stable and less
likely to produce a major war between great powers.
It is also comparatively benevolent, from
a liberal perspective, for it is more conducive to the principles of economic and political liberalism that
Americans and many others value.
does not stand in the way of progress
toward a better world, therefore. It
stands in the way of regression toward a
The choice is not between an American-dominated order and a world that looks like the
European Union. The future international order will be shaped by those who have the power to shape it.
The leaders of a post-American world will not meet in Brussels but in Beijing, Moscow, and
Washington. The return of great powers and great games If the world is marked by the persistence of
unipolarity, it is nevertheless also being shaped by the reemergence of competitive national ambitions of
the kind that have shaped human affairs from time immemorial. During the Cold War, this historical
tendency of great powers to jostle with one another for status and influence as well as for wealth and
power was largely suppressed by the two superpowers and their rigid bipolar order. Since the end of the
Cold War, the United States has not been powerful enough, and probably could never be powerful
enough, to suppress by itself the normal ambitions of nations. This does not mean the world has returned
to multipolarity, since none of the large powers is in range of competing with the superpower for global