CO_RandomKUpdates_Neg - K Dartmouth 2K9 1 HEG K Defenses of...

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K 44b89aa98cf3854543a162e1044662e3d985ad8f.doc Dartmouth 2K9 1 HEG K Defenses of Hegemony are Based on Self-Contained Western Expertise - Power Projection is Fueled Through the Death of Humanity Roxanne Doty , Prof. of Political Science @ ASU [Woot], ’96 [Imperial Encounters: The Politics of Reprsentations in North-South Relations, p. 23-5] Two centuries later, the Enlightenment returns : but not at all as a way for the West to take cognizance of its present possibilities and of the liberties to which it can have access, but as a way of interrogating it on its limits and on the powers which it has abused. Michel Foucault: Georges Canguilhem: Philosopher Of Error Foucault refers here (1980: 54) to the questioning, begun at the close of the colonial era, that challenged the entitlement of Western culture, Western science, and Western rationality itself to claim universal validity. As Said (i) notes, however, there has been relatively little attention to the imperial experience in challenging this priority of the West. Nowhere has this lack of critical attention been more evident than in the discipline of i nternational r elations, which has systematically built a wall of silence around challenges to Western expertise and knowledge, especially regarding the non-Western "other ." International relations has claimed for itself the exclusive representational authority to define and analyze the "essential" agents, structures, and processes of global life and to relegate to the margins the nonessentials. This authority and the knowledge it facilitates has been based upon the experiences and the power of the relatively small portion of the world referred to as the West and the even smaller portion within that realm referred to as the major powers . In the process, i nternational r elations has taken as a given the identity of the West and its subjects/agents, ignoring the historical experiences and encounters with " others" against which the identities of these subjects /agents have been constituted. This study aims to be a corrective to this silence. As such, it can be located within the general concern with interrogating the relationship between various claims drawing upon Enlightenment and humanist values and the economic and political domination of European and American colonialism (see Young 1990). It constitutes an effort to contribute to our understanding and questioning of how various forms of Western power and knowledge have been mutually implicated in practices of domination and hegemony and how, in the course of these practices, international identities have been constructed. Colonialism(s) represents this collusion between power and knowledge and Enlightment and humanist values at its extreme. This is not to suggest that these values have been used in a simplistically instrumental fashion to enable the expansion of Western power and control. What is important is not so much the intentions and calculations of the individuals who bear some of the responsibility for the advance of
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CO_RandomKUpdates_Neg - K Dartmouth 2K9 1 HEG K Defenses of...

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