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DDI09.SS.CIL.Wave4

DDI09.SS.CIL.Wave4 - Dartmouth 2K9 1 CIL Stuff CIL Stuff.1...

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41f4763992e4a24cc90ff07fda75e81478fa029e.doc Dartmouth 2K9 1 CIL Stuff CIL Stuff .................................................................................................................................................................. 1 Repealing Death Penalty key to CIL ....................................................................................................................... 3 CERD is Anti-Semitic .............................................................................................................................................. 4 CIL Bad- Democracy ............................................................................................................................................... 5 CIL Bad ................................................................................................................................................................... 6 CIL Good ................................................................................................................................................................. 7 CIL Good ................................................................................................................................................................. 9 CIL key to Human Rights ...................................................................................................................................... 10 Last printed 1
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41f4763992e4a24cc90ff07fda75e81478fa029e.doc Dartmouth 2K9 2 Repealing Death Penalty key to CIL The death penalty is preventing US leadership on human rights and international law NMCPDP 2008 [“International.” New Mexico Coalition to Repealing The Death Penalty. http://nmrepeal.org/issues/international. International] A majority of countries in the world have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. Of the 197 countries in the world, 135 (69%) have abolished the death penalty in law or practice and 62 (31%) continue to use capital punishment. The death penalty in the United States has contributed to a costly isolation, severely undermining our credibility as a world leader and impeding international efforts to counter terrorism and bring criminals to justice. In June 2008, the Council of the European Union released a statement on General Affairs and External Relations that contained a restatement of its 1998 Human Rights Guideline on the death penalty. The Council stated that it "reaffirms that working towards universal abolition of the death penalty constitutes an integral objective of the EU’s human rights policy." The Council reasserted the "opposition of the European Union to the death penalty in all cases and in all circumstances. The abolition of the death penalty contributes to the enhancement of human dignity and the progressive development of human rights." Repealing the Death Penalty affirms our human rights commitment Andy Ho, Senior Writer for The Straits Times, 2008 [“A Grotian moment?.” May 30. Lexus. ] Historically, it took the experience of World War II for European constitutional systems to be undergirded by the doctrine of human rights. The United Nations began setting standards when the Declaration was adopted without dissent in 1948. Subsequent treaties have continued this process of setting standards. Human rights non- governmental organisations, by allying themselves with medium powers like France and Canada, succeeded in getting strong human rights provisions written into the Statute of the International Criminal Court to compensate torture victims, for instance. Likewise, Amnesty International's campaign against the death penalty led to three treaties being drafted - the ICCPR's Second Protocol, the ECHR's Sixth Protocol, and the Inter-American Protocol to Abolish the Death Penalty. Repealing the Death Penalty is key to displaying our commitment to CIL Taylor and Thomas 2009 [Stuart Taylor Jr. and Evan Thomas. “ The Long Arm of the Law; A looming battle over the role foreign judges should play in U.S. courts.” April 27. Lexus] But Koh would go much further.
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