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DDI09.SS.Gitmoneg.wave4 - Dartmouth 2K9 1 The President of...

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e58d50101d987e90e8a5a706f45c676741c8698e Dartmouth 2K9 1 The President of the United States should release all relevant classified information to Guantanamo detainees. The procedure for releasing this evidence should be through CIPA. Human Rights adv CP Text- The United States Federal Government should sign and ratify the Convention against Enforced Disappearance. Ratifying the Convention would insure U.S Human Rights leadership Human Rights watch July 24 th 20 09 (“ United States Ratification of International Human Rights Treaties” http://www.hrw.org/node/84594) During the drafting of the Convention against Enforced Disappearance, the Bush administration was then maintaining CIA secret prisons in which terrorist suspects were held without any acknowledgment of their detention-which would have been in violation of the convention. President Obama's executive order abolishing long- term CIA detention and providing notification and timely access for the International Committee of the Red Cross to all detainees held by the US in any armed conflict, places the US in compliance with the central component of the treaty. The United States can and should sign and ratify the convention , and begin the process to make enforced disappearance a specific criminal offense - a step that would be broadly welcomed by US allies. The Convention against Enforced Disappearance explicitly applies to prospective actions only, thereby mooting any concerns that ratifying the convention would result in the retroactive application of its provisions. None of the provisions on compensation and reparation, for example, would apply to those held in secret prisons under the Bush administration. The convention's most important function going forward will be to encourage states parties to institute effective laws and policies to prevent enforced disappearance, bring international mechanisms to bear on states parties that commit enforced disappearance, and strengthen the international consensus against the practice so as to be better able to pressure states that are not a party to the convention. Signing and ratifying the convention will not only solidify the administration's dramatic break from past US practices, but also provide the United States another tool to promote respect for human rights around the world. EXT Treaty Solves Human RIGHTS The U.S needs to ratify human rights treaties to regain its human rights leadership Human Rights watch July 24 th 20 09 (“ United States Ratification of International Human Rights Treaties” http://www.hrw.org/node/84594) With a new administration and Congress, the United States has an important opportunity to reposition itself as a global leader on human rights. One means towards that goal is to sign and ratify core human rights treaties. Chief among these are international conventions relating to children, women, persons with disabilities, torture, enforced disappearance, and the use of anti-personnel landmines and cluster munitions.The US has not ratified any
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