A. Interpretation- The aff must be exclusively for people under the poverty line
1. Poverty is defined by the poverty line
Cambridge Dictionary, 2000
Cambridge University Press p.662
line is the amount of income a person or a family needs in order to maintain an acceptable
2. for is a term of exclusion which must be given statutory meaning
US CUSTOMS COURT 39
AMERICAN COLORTYPE CO. v. UNITED STATES
C. D. 107, Protest 912094-G against the decision of the collector of customs at the port of New York
UNITED STATES CUSTOMS COURT, THIRD DIVISION
2 Cust. Ct. 132; 1939 Cust. Ct. LEXIS 35
The same reasons used by the appellate court may be adopted in construing the language of the statute herein involved.
the words "for industrial use" mean no more than the words "articles of utility,"
there could be no reason for inserting the additional word
"for industrial use" in the
paragraph. Therefore, it must be held that the
new language "for industrial use" was intended to have a different
meaning from the words "articles of utility," as construed in the case of Progressive Fine Arts Co. v. United States,
supra. Webster's New International Dictionary defines the word "industrial" as follows:
Industrial. 1. Relating to industry or labor as an economic factor, or to a branch or the branches of industry; of the nature of,
or constituting, an industry or industries * * * .
The transferring of the scenes on an oil painting to a printed copy is a branch of industry under the definition above quoted.
Some of the
meanings of the preposition "for" signify intent
, as shown by the following definition
in the same dictionary:
For. 2. Indicating the end with reference to which anything is, acts, serves, or is done; as: a. As a preparation for; with the
object of; in order to be, become, or act as; conducive to. * * *.
d. Intending, or in order, to go to or in the direction of.
the words "articles for industrial use" in paragraph 1807 imply that
Congress intended to
exclude from that provision articles
either purchased or
imported with the intention to
the same in industry
B. Violation-Not all prisoners are poor some are millionaires
writing for TIME in partnership with CNN Wednesday, Jul. 22, 20
(“Making Prisoners Pay — Literally”
There are enough wealthy people who have broken the law and can afford to pay for it
. We spend $1 billion a year to
incarcerate individuals in New York.
We have drug dealers who are probably going to leave after a sentence of 2 to 5
years and go back to millions of dollars they've made illegally