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DDI09-LO-prisons-aff - Prison Mental Health Care Aff DDI 09...

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Prison Mental Health Care Aff Dan Li/Daniel Park/Han Kim/Basil Latif DDI ’09 L/O Prison Mental Health Care Affirmative Last printed 0/0/0000 0:00:00 AM 1
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Prison Mental Health Care Aff Dan Li/Daniel Park/Han Kim/Basil Latif DDI ’09 L/O 1AC: Mental Health Advantage Observation _____ is the Bad and the Mad: Prisons are the largest purveyors of public psychiatric service: multiple examples show prisons are the new mental institutions of our age Torrey, director of SMRI, 95 (E. Fuller Torrey, M.D., National Institute of Mental Health Neuropsychiatric Research Hospital, Executive Director of the Stanley Medical Research Institute (SMRI), founder of the Treatment Advocacy Center (TAC), December 1995, From the American Journal of Public Health, “Editorial: Jails and Prisons – America's New Mental Hospitals,” Volume 85 Number 12, pgs. 1611-1613, http://www.ajph.org/cgi/reprint/85/12/1611) [Dan Li] Quietly but steadily, jails and prisons are replacing public mental hospitals as the primary purveyors of public psychiatric services for individuals with serious mental illnesses in the United States . The trend is evident everywhere. In the San Diego County jail , where 14% of the 4572 male and 25% of the 687 female inmates are on psychiatric medications, the assistant sheriff says that "we've become the bottom-line mental health provider in the county." ' In Seattle's King County jail, where "on any given day about 160 of the 2000 inmates are severely mentally ill . . . the jail has become King County's largest institution for the mentally ill."2 In Travis County jail in Austin, Tex, 14% of inmates have serious psychiatric illnesses and "its psychiatric population rivals that of Austin State Hospital."3 Miami's Dade County jails "usually house about 350 people with mental illnesses, more than any single institution or hospital in the county." 4 And the Los Angeles County jail system , with 3300 of its 21 000 inmates requiring "mental health services on a daily basis," has become de facto "the largest mental institution in the country. "5 The numbers increase daily and astound one. According to a September 11, 1994, press release from the US Department of Justice, American jails held 454 620 inmates in 1993. State and federal prisons held another 909 185 inmates, and yet another 671 470 released inmates were on parole. That totals 2 035 275 individuals in jail, prison, or on parole. Estimates of the percentage of those who are seriously mentally ill-with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or severe recurrent depression-range from 6% to 15%, depending on the study and on the institution. If 8% of them are seriously mentally ill, that would be 162 822 individuals . This is twice the number of seriously mentally ill individuals who are now in state mental hospitals on any given day . It is also greater than the entire population of the cities of Chattanooga, Fort Lauderdale, Hartford, New Haven, Providence, Reno, or Salt Lake City.
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