DDI-CJ-EJ-Answers

DDI-CJ-EJ-Answers - Practice Round Cards Emma Environmental...

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1 Practice Round Cards - Emma Dartmouth 2K9 1 Environmental Justice (1/3) Environmental Justice (2/3) Environmental Justice (3/3) Democracy Last printed 0/0/00 0:00 AM
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1 Practice Round Cards - Emma Dartmouth 2K9 2 Environmental Justice (1/3) Claims of environmental racism are flawed – studies show there is no discriminatory siting. Glasgow, 5 (Joshua, Yale Law School JD candidate, Buffalo Environmental Law Journal, 13 Buff. Envt’l L.J. 69, Fall, ln) In addition to courtroom difficulties, the environmental justice movement was challenged by a number of studies in the mid-1990s challenging the evidence of discriminatory siting and exposure . [*76] An influential University of Mas - sachusetts study conducted in 1994 examined over five hundred hazardous waste facilities and found no evidence of discriminatory siting . 27 Additionally, scholars challenged the earlier studies' methodologies, including the sample se - lection, the definition of minority, the geographic scope examined, and the failure to control for other variables. 28 In a series of articles, Vicki Been set forth a particularly powerful critique of environmental justice studies. 29 Been notes that most studies examined the contemporary makeup of a neighborhood impacted by a LULU, not its makeup at the time of siting. 30 This method ignores the possibility that a LULU would lower nearby housing prices, causing affluent res - idents to move away. These residents would be replaced by lower-income individuals, attracted by the lower housing prices . As a result of these market dynamics, even LULUs located in a wealthy neighborhood could later become surrounded by the poor. 31 This "chicken-or-the-egg" dilemma has plagued the environmental justice literature. The “disadvantaged” are used as tools to spur actions for “environmental justice” - then they are ex- ploited Stokes and Green 7 (Lance PhD CEO of ECI environmental consultants and engineers, Kenneth Chief scientists for ECI) http://www.ejconference2008.org/images/Green_Stokes.pdf ) “Disadvantaged” Communities have not and do not use brownfield tools and resources as a spark to redevelop blighted areas or create opportunities or give hope for the benefit of their “disadvantaged” residents. Although com - munities with large segments of disadvantaged residents may use the disadvantaged residents in the brownfield as a tool to leverage resources and assistance to spur revitalization, brownfield redevelopment is not about disadvant - aged individuals . Brownfield redevelopment is not disadvantaged-people-development . Disadvantaged individuals only serve initially as a tool in a community’s acquisition of brownfield redevelopment funds. Perhaps the appropriate term for
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2010 for the course K 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at UMass Lowell.

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DDI-CJ-EJ-Answers - Practice Round Cards Emma Environmental...

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