Fem+IR - CJ Fem I R K File...

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Unformatted text preview: CJ Fem I R K File 678c1f1f45ab7e85122a377ec2222147bdfdb80a Dartmouth 2K9 Tony and Gordon 1 Feminism International Relations Last printed 0/0/0000 0:00:00 AM 1 CJ Fem I R K File 678c1f1f45ab7e85122a377ec2222147bdfdb80a Dartmouth 2K9 Tony and Gordon 2 Link – Generic Oppressive gender relations take place within systems of power, the economy, process of government, and legalization Tickner, prof of IR @ USC, 96 (J. Ann, “You Just Don’t Understand: Troubled Engagements Between Feminists and IR Theorists,” http://dspace.anu.edu.au/bitstream/1885/41080/2/96-6.pdf) As Joan Scott claims (1986: 1069), while the forms gender relations take across different cultures may vary, they are almost always unequal; therefore, gender labeling is a primary way of signifying relationships of power . Although gender is frequently seen as belonging in the household and, therefore, antithetical to the ‘real’ business of politics, Scott argues that it is constructed in the economy and the polity through various institutional structures that have the effect of ‘naturalising` and even legalising women’s inferior status .12 According to Jane Flax (1987: 624), ‘gender relations enter into and are constituent elements in every aspect of human experience’. She reminds us that, while feminism is about recovering women’s activities, it must also be aware of how these activities are constituted through the social relations in which they are situated. Therefore, gender is not just about women; it is also about men and masculinity, a point that needs to be emphasised if scholars of international relations are to appreciate why feminists claim that it is relevant to their discipline and why they believe that a gendered analysis of its basic assumptions and concepts can yield fruitful results. 2 CJ Fem I R K File 678c1f1f45ab7e85122a377ec2222147bdfdb80a Dartmouth 2K9 Tony and Gordon 3 Military Link Military is a patriarchal institution, creating the identity differences between men and women. Tickner 92 [J. Ann Tickner, Professor of International Relations and Director of the Center for International Studies at the University of Southern California, 1992. Gender in International Relations, p. 39-40] To be a soldier is to be a man, not a woman; more than any other social institution, the military separates men from women . Soldiering is a role into which boys are socialized in school and on the playing fields. A soldier must be a protector; he must show courage, strength, and responsibility and repress feelings of fear, vulnerability, and compassion. Such feelings are womanly traits, which are liabilities in time of war.27 War demands manliness; it is an event in which boys become men, for combat is the ultimate test of masculinity. When women become soldiers, this gender identity is called into question ; for Americans, this questioning became real during the Persian Gulf war of 1991, the first time that women soldiers were sent into a war zone in large numbers.28 To understand the citizen-warrior as a social construction allows ussoldiers were sent into a war zone in large numbers....
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2010 for the course K 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at UMass Lowell.

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Fem+IR - CJ Fem I R K File...

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