LA_1203_FINAL

LA_1203_FINAL - LA 1203 FINAL LECTURE 1. Franklinia by...

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LA 1203 FINAL LECTURE 1. Franklinia by William Bartrum a. Franklinia Altamaha— “The Lost Tree” i. Found by the Altamaha River in Georgia b. Named the plant in honor of Benjamin Franklin c. Plant was found by John and William Bartrum 2. Kindred Spirits a. 1849 b. In painting: Thomas Cole (started Hudson River School of Painting, got art education in Europe ) and William Cullen Bryant (the poet, literary person, first one to suggest Central Park in New York) c. Painted as a eulogy for Thomas Cole d. Painted by Asher B. Durand e. They are on a ledge above Kaaterskill Cove in the Catskills of New York. f. Style—natural landscape g. Date of establishment of Hudson River School of Painting— began in 1825 and ended in 1870-80 i. First American school of painting 3. Rocky Mountains a. Painted by Albert Bierstadt b. Auctioned off at American Sanitation Commission (predecessor to American Red Cross)—1863 c. Sold it at Sanitation Commission Auction in NYC for $25,000, which helped fund the commission. i. Secretary of the sanitation commission—Frederick Law Olmsted d. Sold for the highest amount 4. The Course of Empire by Thomas Cole—nature to empire then back to nature a. The Savage State, 1834 b. The Pastorial or Acadian State, 1834. c. Consummation of Empire, 1835-1836. d. Destruction, 1836 i. Fires are burning, soldiers are running after women e. Desolation, 1836 i. Nature is recovering and plants are starting to grow back 5. Who was the first-born art naturalist? a. William Bartram 6. Who was the king’s botanist? a. John Bartram 7. Who was Bachman? a. Reverend, co-author of the Quadrapods of North American with John James Audubon 8. T/F. In 1820, 9 out of 10 paintings on a gallery walls were landscape paintings a. FALSE—at the time, landscapes were not popular b. Only 1 out of 10 paintings was a landscape painting c. In 1850, 9 out of 10 paintings were landscape paintings. 9. T/F. John Muir and Gifford Pinchot were both forest preservers. TRUE 10. John Muir and Gifford Pinchot were on opposing sides of what issue?
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a. John Muir and the Sierra Club fought for a decade to save Yosemite’s Hetch Hetchy Valley, but lost the fight. Gifford Pinchot was for the damming of the Hetch Hetchy by the O’Shaughnessy Dam. b. The Hetch Hetchy Dam (Sullivan Dam)—located in Yosemite i. Muir friends with Gifford Pinchot (Forestry partner with Muir, together they set up Forestry Commission) ii. There was an earthquake that caused a fire in 1906. iii. Citizens wanted Yosemite as a water reservoir to protect from future fires. iv. Pinchot became chairman of committee to build the Dam v. The Dam destroyed half of Yosemite (the twin valley) vi. Muir did not want the Dam, LOST THE BATTLE, and the two became enemies. c.
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LA_1203_FINAL - LA 1203 FINAL LECTURE 1. Franklinia by...

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