Hottentot and the Prostitute

Hottentot and the Prostitute - Colonialism/Empire 1800 1878...

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Colonialism/Empire 1800 West claimed 55% of earth, but held 33% 1878 held 67% 1914 held 85% English dominance of the globe Christianity inscribed with power and economics Race inscribed with power and economics Think about dominance and representations of certain languages, religions, and cultural ideals today
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Capitalist Colonialism Capitalist Colonialism (as opposed to pre-capitalist colonialism) British controlled all trade (including colonies’ development of and use of their own products) Colonies NOT encouraged to develop and became more agricultural (today’s labels, First and Third World; Developed and Developing) England Africa India Capitalist Colonialism : Taking raw materials from native land, and turning them into Imperial goods for trade abroad, even in native land itself Segregration/integration
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Religious Justification: Christianity and Imperialism Non-Christian religions such as Hinduism seen as evil and superstitious 18th century: Conversion and Modernizing: bring “light” of God to the dark spaces of the world to “save” them Idea of saving in Christianity translated to idea of saving in colonialism, saving the Other from itself Racial difference derived from this.
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Patriarchal Ideologies/Processes MAN Aggressive; Must Prove sexuality by appropriating bodies of women WOMAN Passive; desire; anxiety
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Man Vs. Man Conscious Fatherly/”Good” “Moral” Disruptive, improper man unsanc by patriarchy Shadow/unconscious “Evil” Man #1 (hero) Man #2 (shadow)
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Orientalism: Racial Hierachy Among Men Britain Africa/India/Americas Empowered/Ruling Disempowered/Subject Masculine Feminine Strong(mentally and physically) Weak Real Imaginary/Exotic Fixed (uniform race and religion) Changeable/Chaos (Christianity/White) (variance Bengali, Hindu) Credible/Integrity Questionable/Falsity Human Animal-like (race) Righteous (God) Immoral (no access to God)
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Difference” = Deviance/Pathology Center of Knowledge Colonizing British Men of the “Right” Identity They control and shape all social, political, economic, and religious structures to maintain hierarchical power Native “Other” men are defined only in relation to Center men: loss of voice, identity, and agency
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Orientalist Hierarchical Power Constructs Under Colonialism British Male Christiniaty Anglo-Saxon race Ntive Male Indian culture and religions Indian Men and Women Conscious Diminishment of immediate, perceived power Unconscious
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2010 for the course WGS 988 taught by Professor Rajan during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Hottentot and the Prostitute - Colonialism/Empire 1800 1878...

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