final outline chapters 11-15 imporant information

final outline chapters 11-15 imporant information - Chapter...

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Chapter 10: Emotion regulation—efforts to control emotional states also called affect regulation -People can regulate emotions before or after they occur. -Whether they try to regulate an emotion before or after the fact, however, has important psychological and physiological consequences. -For example people often reframe the meaning of an event before it occurs trying to put it in a perspective that will make them less upset. -In contrast they may try to suppress the mention after the fact that is try not to feel it or show it to others. -Although reframing events before they occur often leads to diminished negative feelings, suppression does not. -In fact, suppression leads to more sympathetic nervous system activity—that is arousal—including increasing heart rate. -Suppression also interferes with the ability to engage in other tasks, because it essentially keeps the person “working overtime” to keep the feeling at bay. Having examined the components of emotion and its basis in the nervous system, we now turn to perspectives on emotion. Psychodynamic perspective: growing body of evidence supports that peope can be unconscious of their own emotional experience and that unconscious emotional processes can influence thought, behavior, and even health. Psychodynamic theory also suggests that we also regularly delude ourselves about our own abilities and attributes to avoid unpleasant emotional consequences of seeing ourselves more objectively. TAT scores were used to answer items from an IQ test. “Illusory mental health”—for those individuals who had unpleasant emotion empirically associated with psychological disturbance. Participants with illusory mental health exhibited numerous signs of psychological distress, including elevated heart rate and blood pressure, which are related to heart disease. These participants also consistently scored highest on indirect measures of anxiety, such as sighing and stammering. All the while, however, they consciously reported the least anxiety, suggesting the presence of unacknowledged anxiety. Schacter-Singer theory—which asserts that emotion involves cognitive interpretation of general physiological arousal. Zajonc—concluded that the subjective sense of liking or disliking a stimulus may occur independent of cognitions about that stimulus. At the very least, affect may precede the conscious cognitive appraisals proposed by many theorists. Emotional processes can also have a direct physiological effect on memory: stressful emotional experiences can alter the structure of the brain. In one study monkeys in one condition were exposed to an emotionally threatening encounter—being placed in the cage of another money, who attached until the “intruder” cowered in the corner. Compared to monkeys in a control condition, the traumatized moneys showed a reduction in neural cells in the
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2010 for the course PSYCHLOGY 830 taught by Professor Jacobs during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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final outline chapters 11-15 imporant information - Chapter...

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