Psychology Outline Chapter 13

Psychology Outline Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Sections...

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Chapter 13 Sections 1-2-3-4: Life Span Development Regardless of which religion children are reared in, their understanding of most objects of thought, are initially concrete. By the time they move into adolescence, they are likely to offer abstract concepts, such as “God is a force within us all”. If cultural conditions permit, they may also express considerable skepticism about religious notions, because they are able to imagine and reflect on a variety of possible realities. Developmental Psychology -(changes in the way children understand reality and cultural beliefs)—the field that studies the way thought, feeling, and behavior develop through the life span. Life-span developmental perspective —considers both consistency and change as well as gains and losses in functioning that occur at different points over the entire human life cycle. In This Chapter: We first consider three issues that reverberate throughout all of developmental psychology: the roles of nature and nature, the importance of early experience, and the extent to which development occurs in “stages” . Then 2 nd thing to address: is on social development and then importance of early relationships between infants and their caregivers for later life . 3 rd : Physical development and its impact on psychological functioning (eg. How does an individual adapt to a changing body during puberty, menopause, or old age?), cognitive development (eg. What can an infant remember?), and cognitive changes in adulthood (eg. is “senility” the inevitable endpoint of development?). The acquisition of language and successively more complex thinking ARE also discussed. Ending Focuses on Moral development. Issues in Developmental Psychology Most psychologists—interested in DEVELOPMENT, wrestled with the extent to which changes in individuals over time reflect the influence of genetically programmed maturation (nature) or of learning and experience (nurture). THE CONCEPT OF NATURE VS. NURTUR. Maturation -refers to biologically based changes that follow an orderly sequence, each step setting the stage for the next step according to an age-related timetable. (Biologically based development). Infants crawl before they walk, and they utter single syllables and words before they talk in complete sentences. (Unless reared in a profoundly deprived environment—all human infants follow these developmental patters in the same sequence at the roughly the same age). Development (like intelligence or personality)—reflects the action and mutual influence of genes and environment. Nature provides—fertile field for development BUT field REQUIRES cultivation! Question of which is MORE important (nature vs. nurture) BUT QUESTION IS—HOW nature and
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2010 for the course PSYCHLOGY 830 taught by Professor Jacobs during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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Psychology Outline Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Sections...

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