Outline of Chapter 5

Outline of Chapter 5 - sparingly soluble salt Define net...

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Chapter Objectives for Assumed Knowledge, Petrucci, 9th ed. - Edited for Chem. 1A03. 5. Reactions in Aqueous Solution: Ch. 5-1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 and ‘Focus On’ Section. * Note that Ch 5-3 section of Acid-Base Reactions will be included together in Ch 16. The most important objectives appear in bold font. Objectives (or parts of objectives) for which you are not responsible appear in red . 1. Understand the physicochemical properties of water as a solvent based on its molecular properties including its boiling point, thermal conductivity, surface tension, solute solvation, conductivity, amphoteric properties etc. 2 . Define the concept of electrolytes and identify chemicals as being non- electrolytes, weak electrolytes or strong electrolytes based on their intrinsic charge and/or degree of ionization. 3. Solve problems involving precipitation reactions and calculate the molar solubility of sparingly soluble salts or concentration of ions using K sp and/or Q. 4. Define the common ion effect and understand its impact on the molar solubility of a
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Unformatted text preview: sparingly soluble salt. Define net ionic reactions and identify spectator ions. 5. Relate precipitation/solubility to issues involving fluoride/lead contamination in groundwater, fluorosis, fluoride remediation & soap scum formation. 6. Qualitatively predict precipitation reactions using K sp and/or general rules highlighted in Table 5.1. 7. Assign oxidation numbers to all atoms in a molecule or ion and identify oxidizing and reducing agents in a redox reaction. 8. Balance redox reactions using the half-reaction method, including reactions occurring under acidic or basic conditions. 9. Understand the iron smelting process to manufacture steel from input feedstocks, and the thermite reaction. 10. Understand and balance disproprotionation based redox reactions. 11. Work with stoichiometry of reactions in aqueous solutions involving acid-base and redox titrations (as in Lab 1, for example)....
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