Outline of Chapter 16 - Chapter Objectives for Assumed...

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Chapter Objectives for Assumed Knowledge, Petrucci, 9th ed. - Edited for Chem. 1A03. 16. Acid & Bases: Ch. 16-1 to 16-9 (not calculations in Ch 16-6), Ch 5-3 & ‘Focus On’ Section in Ch 16. The most important objectives appear in bold font. Objectives (or parts of objectives) for which you are not responsible appear in red . 1. Define acids and bases based on Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis theories. Write Lewis acid-base reactions with Lewis structures and curly arrows highlighting electron pair transfer. Identify conjugate acid/base pairs, and acid- base adducts. 2 . Derive equilibrium expressions for weak acids & weak bases (i.e., K a and K b ); understand the relative strengths of acids and bases based on the magnitude of their equilibrium ionization constants. 3. Understand the amphoteric nature of water, the auto-ionization of water, pH scale and the relationship between pK w , pH, pOH, pK a and pK b . 4. Distinguish the ionization of strong acids and bases as compared to weak acids and bases; recognize several examples of 6 strong acids and several strong bases.
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