uploads 4 001 - Final Exam Sample Essay Question#14 7:24 PM...

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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Sample Essay Question #14 5/5/10 7:24 PM Over the years there has been a good deal of controversy concerning innate vs. learned behaviors. Summarize, using examples, the current thinking on the relationship between inheritance and learning in animal behavior, giving examples of each. Sources: Unit 9, Objectives 4-7 Innate behavior A ' “behavior that is developmentally fixed and under strong genetic control. Innate behavior is exhibited in virtually the same form by all individuals in a population despite internal and external environmental differences during development and throughout their lifetimes” (Campbell, G—l 9). ' Prairie voles have lasting relationships with mates and males are involved in care of the young. Meadow voles have no strong attachment to their mates and do not help care for the young. This difference is caused by a difference in a point mutation. ' Specialist feeding — innate knowledge of what is good and safe to eat. Learning — ' “the modification of behavior based on specific experiences” (Campbell, G—Zl). ° Habituatiori, spatial learning, cognitive maps, and associative learning/conditioning. ' Associative leraning 0 Classical conditiong — Pavlov’s dogs. 0 Operant conditioning 7 Trial and error, coyote and porcupine. ' Generalist feeding ~ Cultural transmission of knowledge. '3' Inheritance and learning in animal behavior are very involved with one another. Often, behaviors are a combination of innate and learned aspects. Imprinting ' “The formation at a specific stage of life of a long—lasting behavioral response to a particular individual or object” (G— 1 9). ° Involves both an innate component and a learned component - A imprinting stimulus is required and is learned. Behavior that follows is innate. ' Differs from regular learning in that it is limited to a sensitive period and the imprinting stimulus is required. ' Parental imprinting w parents must imprint on their young during a sensitive period otherwise they will not care for the young. ...
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