ANTH-Chapter 1

ANTH-Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Origins of Evolutionary Thought...

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Chapter 1: Origins of Evolutionary Thought 1. Concepts: Polygenism: Ancient belief that people are derived from multiple creations Monogenism: Ancient belief that people are derived from a single creation Conclusion: Contrary to popular notions, the Renaissance was not a time when science was in vogue, although the culture in which it eventually flourished did begin . Instead, mathematics and the arts were held in the highest esteem. 2. Linnaeus and the Natural Scheme of Life Carolus Linnaeus created the most comprehensive classification of the plant world compiled at the time. He used the physical characteristics of plants and animals to assign them to a scheme of classification. Taxonomy: The science of biological classification. Binomial nomenclature: Linnaean naming system for all organisms, consisting of a genus and species label. Taxon: A group of organisms assigned to a particular category, any unit of this formal hierarchy. Cons: Believed in the immutability of species---that each species existed as a completely separate entity from every other species and that these separations were fixed by God Humans and apes are not closely related ---people to family
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Hominidae and great apes to family Pongidae. 3. The Road to the Darwinian Revolution Comte de Buffon (1707-1788): - Observed that animals that migrate to new climates often change in response to new environments - Claimed that the animals of the New World were weaker and smaller than their counterparts in the Old World, a result of a generally less healthy and less productive environment. Georges Cuvier (1769-1832): - A steadfast opponent of the modern concept of evolutionary change. - Discoveries of dinosaur bones across western Europe made it difficult to continue to deny the importance of change to the history of Earth. To explain away these dinosaur fossils by embracing the concept of extinction and change but with a biblical twist. -
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2010 for the course ANTH 1001 taught by Professor Mcnulty during the Fall '09 term at Minnesota.

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ANTH-Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Origins of Evolutionary Thought...

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