Hybridization

Hybridization - CHEM 1C de Vries CLAS Sp10 Hybridization...

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CHEM 1C – de Vries CLAS Sp10 Hybridization Hybridization (a.k.a. valence bond theory) occurs when valence atomic orbitals are mixed/hybridized to for hybrid atomic orbitals. Atoms in period 2 (n = 2) have 2s and 2p valence orbitals We can think of mixing the 2s with one of the 2p orbitals (for convenience we usually pick the 2p x ) two atomic orbitals hybridize to form two sp hybrid orbitals On the atom the two sp hybrid orbitals are oriented 180 o from each other so when they overlap with atomic orbitals on other atoms to form bonds, the resulting bonds are 180 o from each other and the molecule is linear around the sp-hybridized atom. Page 1 of 6
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CHEM 1C – de Vries CLAS Sp10 Hybridization EX. acetylene, CO 2 We can think of mixing the 2s with two of the 2p orbitals (for convenience we usually pick the 2p x y ) three atomic orbitals hybridize to form three sp 2 hybrid orbitals On the atom the three sp 2 hybrid orbitals are oriented 120 o from each other so when they overlap with atomic orbitals on other atoms to form bonds, the resulting bonds are
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2010 for the course BIO 1 taught by Professor Jones during the Fall '10 term at UCSC.

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Hybridization - CHEM 1C de Vries CLAS Sp10 Hybridization...

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