NOMENCLATURE PPT

NOMENCLATURE PPT - Nomenclature of Alkanes Nomenclature of...

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1 Nomenclature of Alkanes Nomenclature of Alkanes Nomenclature of Alkanes
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2 Common Names Alkyl Substituents replace “ ane ” of alkane with “ yl Propyl and Isopropyl
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3 “Iso” Butyl Butyl butyl alcohol isobutyl alcohol sec -butyl alcohol
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4 sec ” Can be Used Only with “Butyl” sec -pentyl is not a good name tert ” Can be Used with “Butyl” and “Pentyl” tert -hexyl is not a good name Alkanes Systematic Nomenclature identify the parent hydrocarbon the longest continuous chain
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5 Add the Name of the Substituent number the chain in the direction that gives the substituent as low a number as possible Common versus Systematic Nomenclature • Common names never have numbers • Only systematic names have numbers List Substituents in Alphabetical Order • the correct name is the one that contains the lowest of the possible numbers
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6 Multiple Substituents Chain numbered in the direction that gives the lowest number in the name. Substituents
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NOMENCLATURE PPT - Nomenclature of Alkanes Nomenclature of...

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