NOMENCLATURE PPT

NOMENCLATURE PPT - Nomenclature of Alkanes Nomenclature of...

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1 Nomenclature of Alkanes Nomenclature of Alkanes Nomenclature of Alkanes
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2 Common Names Alkyl Substituents replace “ ane ” of alkane with “ yl Propyl and Isopropyl
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3 “Iso” Butyl Butyl butyl alcohol isobutyl alcohol sec -butyl alcohol
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4 sec ” Can be Used Only with “Butyl” sec -pentyl is not a good name tert ” Can be Used with “Butyl” and “Pentyl” tert -hexyl is not a good name Alkanes Systematic Nomenclature identify the parent hydrocarbon the longest continuous chain
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5 Add the Name of the Substituent number the chain in the direction that gives the substituent as low a number as possible Common versus Systematic Nomenclature Common names never have numbers Only systematic names have numbers List Substituents in Alphabetical Order the correct name is the one that contains the lowest of the possible numbers
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6 Multiple Substituents Chain numbered in the direction that gives the lowest number in the name.
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