Development - Development Development Prenatal Development...

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Development Development Prenatal Development and the Newborn *Developmental Psychology *a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout the life span Prenatal Development Zygote *the fertilized egg *enters a 2 week period of rapid cell division *develops into an embryo *Within the week the cells begin to change and specialize in structure and function *Embryo *the developing human organism from 2 weeks through 2nd month *Fetus *the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth *By the sixth month the organs are functional enough to give a premature baby a chance to survive Prenatal Development and the Newborn *40 days 45 days 2 months 4 months Prenatal Development and the Newborn *Teratogens *agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
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*Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) *physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman’s heavy drinking *symptoms include facial misproportions Newborn’s Abilities *Rooting Reflex *tendency to open mouth, and search for nipple when touched on the cheek *Preferences *human voices and faces *face like images--> *smell and sound of mother preferred Infancy and Childhood: Physical Development Maturation biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior *relatively uninfluenced by experience Infancy and Childhood: Physical Development *Babies only 3 months old can learn that kicking moves a mobile- and can retain that learning for a month (Rovee-Collier, 1989, 1997). Infancy and Childhood: Motor
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Development • The sequence for motor (physical) development is basically universal –Roll before sit *Crawl before walk, etc Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development *Schema *a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information *Assimilation *interpreting one’s new experience in terms of one’s existing schemas *Accommodation *adapting one’s current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 1A taught by Professor Kerrihogue during the Fall '10 term at Santa Rosa.

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Development - Development Development Prenatal Development...

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