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classical_conditioning - Learning Classical Conditioning...

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Learning: Classical Conditioning What is learining? *Learning - any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual’s behavior at a future time Association *We learn by association *Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence *Aristotle 2000 years ago *John Locke and David Hume 200 years ago *Associative Learning *learning that two events occur together *two stimuli *a response and its consequences Association *Learning to associate two events Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov and his Dog *Russian Scientist interested in the digestive reflexes of dogs *Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936) Pavlov’s Dogs *Pavlov surgically diverted saliva through a tube from a saliva duct so that the “drool” could be collected and measured Why did Pavlov collect drool? *Saliva is produced by several innate (inborn and uncontrollable) reflexes *Food produces the saliva reflex to aid digestion *Pavlov noticed that the salivary reflex could be set off by neutral stimuli Key Terms
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