operant_conditioning

operant_conditioning - Learning Operant Conditioning plus...

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Behaviorism *The attempt to understand observable activity in terms of observable stimuli and observable responses *John B. Watson (1913) *B.F. Skinner (1938) Behaviorism *John B. Watson *Viewed psychology as objective science *Generally agreed-upon consensus today *Recommended study of behavior without reference to unobservable mental processes *Not universally accepted by all schools of thought today John B. Watson and Little Albert John B. Watson and Little Albert John B. Watson and Little Albert John B. Watson and Little Albert *Conditioned emotional responses *Generalization *Extinction Operant Conditioning *Operant conditioning *Type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if followed by punishment *Law of Effect *Thorndike’s principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely Early Operant Conditioning *E.L. Thorndike (1898) *Puzzle boxes and cats Thorndike’s Puzzle Box Operant Conditioning vs. Classical Conditioning *Operant behavior *Operates (acts) on environment *Produces consequences *Respondent behavior *Occurs as an automatic response to stimulus *Behavior learned through classical conditioning B.F. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning *B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) *Elaborated Thorndike’s Law of Effect *Developed behavioral technology *Did not like the term “satisfying” preferred “reinforcer” *Any event that strengthens the behavior it follows *Invented a better apparatus--the Skinner box
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Operant Chamber *Skinner Box *Chamber with a bar or key that an animal manipulates to obtain a food or water reinforcer *Contains devices to record responses Operant Conditioning Terms *Shaping *Operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer approximations of a desired goal *Consequences
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 1A taught by Professor Kerrihogue during the Fall '10 term at Santa Rosa.

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operant_conditioning - Learning Operant Conditioning plus...

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