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Unformatted text preview: Psychological Disorders Dissociative Disorders * Conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings * Dissociative Identity Disorder * rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities * formerly called multiple personality disorder Dissociative Disorders * What is dissociation? * literally a dis-association of memory * person suddenly becomes unaware of some aspect of their identity or history * unable to recall except under special circumstances (e.g., hypnosis) * Three types are recognized * dissociative amnesia * dissociative fugue * dissociative identity disorder Dissociative Amnesia * Marian and her brother were recently victims of a robbery. Marian was not injured, but her brother was killed when he resisted the robbers. Marian is unable to recall any details from the time of the accident until four days later. Dissociative Amnesia * Also known as psychogenic amnesia * Memory loss the only symptom * Often selective loss surrounding traumatic events * person still knows identity and most of their past * Can also be global * loss of identity without replacement with a new one Dissociative Fugue * Jay, a high school physics teacher in New York City, disappeared three days after his wife unexpectedly left him for another man. Six months later, he was discovered tending bar in Miami Beach. Calling himself Martin, he claimed to have no recollection of his past life and insisted that he had never been married. Dissociative Fugue * Also known as psychogenic fugue * Global amnesia with identity replacement * leaves home * develops a new identity * apparently no recollection of former life * called a ‘fugue state’ * If fugue wears off * old identity recovers * new identity is totally forgotten Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) * Norma has frequent memory gaps and cannot account for her whereabouts during certain periods of time. While being interviewed by whereabouts during certain periods of time....
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 1A taught by Professor Kerrihogue during the Fall '10 term at Santa Rosa.
- Fall '10