Early psychosocial dev

Early psychosocial dev - Early psychosocial development...

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Unformatted text preview: Early psychosocial development Emotional expression Happiness – Smile: from birth – Social smile: 6-10 weeks – Laugh: 3-4 months Anger – General distress: from birth – Anger: 4-6 months Sadness – Less common than anger – In response to disruption in caregiver communication Fear – First fears: 6-12 months – Stranger anxiety: 8-12 months Self-conscious emotions Emerge at around 15 months Need adult instruction about when to feel them – – – – – Shame Embarrasment Guilt Envy Pride In fan cy By two months, infants are interested in other infants – Mutual gaze By 6 months, more interaction with other babies Sensorimotor play M o s tl y a r o u n d th e p r a c ti c e o f s e n s o r y a c ti v i ty a n d n e w m o to r a c ti o n s 6 - m o n th s , a l l o b j e c ts tr e a te d s a m e 9 - m o n th s , d i ffe r e n ti a te b e tw e e n o b j e c ts Play with others During first year, little interaction – Not “play” Between 1 and 2 other children start to be seen as playmates – Mutual imitation Around age 2, use more words – Lots of positive emotions when playing with kids their age – Sensitive parenting related to sociability P a ra lle l p la y – Emerges around 2 – Decreases as children age, but present even in older preschoolers S y m b o lic p la y – 12-14 months: pretend to do common activities – By 2-3: one thing can represent another ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 4 taught by Professor Ritabutterfield during the Fall '10 term at Santa Rosa.

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Early psychosocial dev - Early psychosocial development...

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