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Unformatted text preview: 1 Research Methods in Psychology Scientifc Method Techniques used to study phenomena, gain new knowledge, correct or follow-up on previous knowledge Info used must be observable and empirical Scientifc Reasoning Deductive: general principles to speciFc conclusions Works when premises are sound 1. All people will die. 2. Jesse is a person. 3. Jesse will die. Not so much when premises are not sound. 1. All women want to be mothers. 2. Sara is a woman. 3. Sara wants to be a mother. 2 Inductive reasoning: specifc instances to broader conclusions Allows that the conclusion may not be correct All the swans I have ever seen are white, so all swans might be white. Most women I have met want children, so most women probably want children. Hypothetico-deductive reasoning: specifc instances to broader conclusions Uses both inductive and deductive reasoning Some defnitions.. Theory: A broad explanation that explains all oF the current observations Hypothesis: A testable prediction -- specifc Operational defnition: Very specifc descriptions oF how a hyp will be tested and how the variables will be manipulated or measured An observation Prior research Curiosity or insight Formulate an explanation: Specify a theory and develop a hypothesis Choose particpants and Carry out research A QUESTION 3...
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- Fall '10