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stress and coping - Stress and coping What is stress S tr e...

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1 Stress and coping What is stress? Stress: An unpleasant state of arousal in which people perceive a threat to their well-being Stressor: Anything that causes stress Can be acute Has a definite end-point; short (e.g., paper due) Can be chronic On-going; long-term (e.g., unemployment) Types of stress 1. Frustration 2. Pressure 3. Internal conflict 4. Danger
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2 Kinds of stressors 1. Daily hassles 2. Life changes 3. Traumatic events 4. Chronic (-) situations 5. Sociocultural conditions Physical responses to stress General adaptation syndrome 1. Alarm Body prepares 2. Resistance Arousal is high, but lower than in alarm Difficult to respond to new stressor 3. Exhaustion Occurs if stressor lasts too long
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3 Cognitive reaction to stress Appraisal – primary: judge how severe a stressor is – secondary: Judge how well one can cope Coping with stress Problem-focused coping – Cognitive and behavioral efforts to alter a stressful situation
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